Flower is the trimmed and cured bud of a female cannabis plant. There are different varieties of cannabis flowers, which we call strains. Each strain has a unique flavor and combination of active ingredients that provides a unique effect. Explore different strains to find out which best suits your needs. There are two major strain types to consider:
Indica strains are believed to be physically sedating, perfect for relaxing after work or as a nightcap before bed.
Sativa strains tend to provide more invigorating, uplifting effects that pair well with physical activity, social gatherings, and creative projects.
Flower can be smoked through a pipe, bong, or joint. It can also be vaporized through a variety of accessories.
Pre-rolls are joints filled with cannabis flower and are sometimes enhanced with cannabis concentrates. Pre-rolls provide an easy and traditional way to enjoy cannabis. Pre-rolls typically come in one-gram or half-gram sizes, are sold individually and in multi-packs, and feature different strains and blends.
Price varies by the size and number of pre-rolls, and the quality of the cannabis inside them. THC content varies between strains and brands so be sure to look into which suit you best.
Vape pens are a convenient and discreet way to consume cannabis. They heat cannabis extracts to the point of vaporization, without combusting. The effect onset is immediate and gradually trails off over two to three hours—a shorter duration than pre-rolls and flower and without the smoke, ash or strong odor.
Some vape pens are pre-charged and disposable; others offer rechargeable batteries and interchangeable cartridges. When choosing a vape cartridge, it’s important to know the type of oil contained within, whether and how it’s flavored and what cutting agents, if any, have been used to dilute the solution. This helps you anticipate the type of vaping experience to expect.
Edibles are food items made with cannabis flower or concentrates. Edibles are absorbed through the digestive system, which results in delayed onset as compared to inhalation and sublingual delivery (administered underneath the tongue). While it can take anywhere from 45 minutes to 3 hours to feel the effects, edibles provide a longer duration of effects when compared to other consumption methods.
Topicals are cannabis-infused lotions, balms, and oils that are absorbed through the skin for localized relief of pain, soreness, and inflammation. Because they’re non-intoxicating, topicals are often chosen by patients who want the therapeutic benefits of marijuana without the cerebral euphoria associated with other delivery methods.
Other transdermal innovations are fast arriving in the cannabis market, including long-lasting patches and tingly lubricants for patients and recreational consumers alike.
Tinctures are a discreet and flexible way to ingest cannabis made by infusing cannabis usually with alcohol. When dropped under the tongue, their effect is similar to inhaled cannabis with a close to immediate effect. When swallowed with a food or beverage, the effect is similar to edibles and can take up to one hour, plus the effect can last six hours or longer.
Sublinguals are dissolved on, or under, the tongue. Many of these products have a high ratio of CBD and have been reported to assist with anxiety and help control seizures in children. Many tinctures do contain THC, so it is important to pay attention to the THC/CBD amount and recommended consumption instructions on the label.
Cannabis concentrates are much stronger than cannabis flowers. They are made by separating the tiny crystals that sit on the surface of the plant called trichomes from the underlying, inert vegetable material. Concentrates are available in many different forms including shatter, wax, rosin and sauce.
Cannabis concentrates are consumed through a portable device or stationary “dab” rig that vaporizes the concentrate at very high temperatures. They can also be mixed with flower to supercharge a bowl or pre-roll.
Due to their high potency, concentrates are often reserved for a more experienced cannabis consumer. By current California state law, adult-use customers are allowed to buy up to 8 grams of concentrates per day.
CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a chemical compound from the cannabis plant. It’s a naturally occurring substance that’s used in products like oils and edibles to impart a feeling of relaxation and to sooth. Unlike its cousin tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), it’s not psychoactive.
In the United States, CBD oil has varying legality across different states and at a federal level, yet it currently has a range of applications and promising possibilities.
● smoking cessation and drug withdrawal
● pain management
● treating seizures and epilepsy
● anxiety treatment
● reducing some of the effects of Alzheimer’s, as shown by initial research
● antipsychotic effects on people with schizophrenia
● future applications in combating acne, type 1 diabetes, and cancer
Although more research is required to confirm some uses of CBD oil, it is shaping up as a potentially promising and versatile treatment.
The different varieties of cannabis flowers are called strains. Each strain has a unique flavor and combination of active ingredients, and provides a subtly different effect. There are thousands of different cannabis strains out there and most of them have names that were coined by the growers who brought us the specific genetics from that plant. Some popular examples include Granddaddy Purple, White Widow and Jack Herer.
Some products are always strain-based, such as flower and concentrates, while others are based on Indica/Sativa, and still others (mostly edibles) generally do not indicate a strain or plant type.
As someone interested in cannabis or a cannabis consumer you have more than likely heard the terms “Indica,” “Sativa,” and “Hybrid”. You may be wondering what these all mean and how they can affect you, as you might expect, each strain has a unique effect to the consumer.
Let’s start with Indica. Indica plants are typically shorter and have wide leaves. The buds of an Indica plant will usually be quite dense. You will typically find that Indica-based strains are more relaxing and will usually be associated with more bodily sensations. These strains are often recommended for nighttime use due to these effects.
As for Sativa, these plants are typically taller with long and thin leaves. The buds of a Sativa plant are typically less dense and can be somewhat feathery. Sativa strains usually produce a cerebral feeling and are more uplifting and euphoric. As a result, they are recommended for daytime use.
A hybrid is a Cannabis plant that is a crossbreed between an Indica and a Sativa plant. Most strains of cannabis are a hybrid of these. Within this subset, there can be Indica-dominant and Sativa-dominant strains, or some that are relatively even in their split.
Keep in mind that while the plant genetics play roles in how products may affect you, it is not the only contributing factor. If you have a product that is 10% THC and 8% CBD it may affect you differently if it is Indica-dominant as opposed to if it is Sativa-dominant
The cannabis plant can contain up to 150 active ingredients, known as cannabinoids. THC and CBD are the most commonly known, and all Empire products are tested and labeled with their content. These test results indicate the strength and nature of the likely effect. THC-rich strains are the most euphoric. CBD-rich strains are more restorative, with less euphoria or none at all. Many consumers prefer the balanced effect of a 1:1 ratio—equal parts THC and CBD.
The human neurotransmitter system that manages plant-derived cannabinoids is known as the endocannabinoid system. This system is present in almost every part of our brain and body, and maintains homeostasis—our state of natural balance. It internally produces endocannabinoids which are similar to compounds found in the cannabis plant.
Each person’s endocannabinoid system varies slightly, which is one reason the same cannabis product can produce different effects in different people. We recommend you start with small doses of lower potency products, and gradually increase dosage as you see how your mind and body react.
Although cannabis is now legal in California, it is not legal to consume in public places or to drive while under the influence. Cannabis must be consumed in a private location ie. your home.
It is very important that you store your cannabis product in a safe, secure location away from children and pets. To maintain freshness, flower is best stored in glass containers placed in a cool, dry location (about 60% humidity).