CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a chemical compound from the cannabis plant. It’s a naturally occurring substance that’s used in products like oils and edibles to impart a feeling of relaxation and to sooth. Unlike its cousin tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), it’s not psychoactive.
In the United States, CBD oil has varying legality across different states and at a federal level, yet it currently has a range of applications and promising possibilities.
● smoking cessation and drug withdrawal
● pain management
● treating seizures and epilepsy
● anxiety treatment
● reducing some of the effects of Alzheimer’s, as shown by initial research
● antipsychotic effects on people with schizophrenia
● future applications in combating acne, type 1 diabetes, and cancer
Although more research is required to confirm some uses of CBD oil, it is shaping up as a potentially promising and versatile treatment.
Sativa strains often produce energizing, anxiety and stress reducing, and invigorating effects. Sativa strains may make a consumer feel productive, creative, and focused. Because of its stimulating impact, sativa strains are often used during the daytime.
Indica strains often produce relaxing, full-body effects. It may also help reduce nausea, pain, and insomnia and can help increase appetite. Because of its deep relaxation effects, indica strains are better consumed at night.
Hybrid strains are often a combination of indica and sativa strains. Their effects range from reducing anxiety and stress to easing symptoms of pain. Usage depends on the predominant effects of the hybrid such as indica-dominant or sativa-dominant.
CBD is non-psychoactive. Its use helps produce many physical benefits such as reducing pain and nausea, easing migraines, and may help prevent seizures.
CBN is used to ease symptoms and side effects of neurological conditions such as seizures, epilepsy, and uncontrollable muscle stiffness.
The different varieties of cannabis flowers are called strains. Each strain has a unique flavor and combination of active ingredients, and provides a subtly different effect. There are thousands of different cannabis strains out there and most of them have names that were coined by the growers who brought us the specific genetics from that plant. Some popular examples include Granddaddy Purple, White Widow and Jack Herer.
Some products are always strain-based, such as flower and concentrates, while others are based on Indica/Sativa, and still others (mostly edibles) generally do not indicate a strain or plant type.
As someone interested in cannabis or a cannabis consumer you have more than likely heard the terms “Indica,” “Sativa,” and “Hybrid”. You may be wondering what these all mean and how they can affect you, as you might expect, each strain has a unique effect to the consumer.
Let’s start with Indica. Indica plants are typically shorter and have wide leaves. The buds of an Indica plant will usually be quite dense. You will typically find that Indica-based strains are more relaxing and will usually be associated with more bodily sensations. These strains are often recommended for nighttime use due to these effects.
As for Sativa, these plants are typically taller with long and thin leaves. The buds of a Sativa plant are typically less dense and can be somewhat feathery. Sativa strains usually produce a cerebral feeling and are more uplifting and euphoric. As a result, they are recommended for daytime use.
A hybrid is a Cannabis plant that is a crossbreed between an Indica and a Sativa plant. Most strains of cannabis are a hybrid of these. Within this subset, there can be Indica-dominant and Sativa-dominant strains, or some that are relatively even in their split.
Keep in mind that while the plant genetics play roles in how products may affect you, it is not the only contributing factor. If you have a product that is 10% THC and 8% CBD it may affect you differently if it is Indica-dominant as opposed to if it is Sativa-dominant
The cannabis plant can contain up to 150 active ingredients, known as cannabinoids. THC and CBD are the most commonly known, and all Empire products are tested and labeled with their content. These test results indicate the strength and nature of the likely effect. THC-rich strains are the most euphoric. CBD-rich strains are more restorative, with less euphoria or none at all. Many consumers prefer the balanced effect of a 1:1 ratio—equal parts THC and CBD.
The human neurotransmitter system that manages plant-derived cannabinoids is known as the endocannabinoid system. This system is present in almost every part of our brain and body, and maintains homeostasis—our state of natural balance. It internally produces endocannabinoids which are similar to compounds found in the cannabis plant.
Each person’s endocannabinoid system varies slightly, which is one reason the same cannabis product can produce different effects in different people. We recommend you start with small doses of lower potency products, and gradually increase dosage as you see how your mind and body react.
Although cannabis is now legal in California, it is not legal to consume in public places or to drive while under the influence. Cannabis must be consumed in a private location ie. your home.
It is very important that you store your cannabis product in a safe, secure location away from children and pets. To maintain freshness, flower is best stored in glass containers placed in a cool, dry location (about 60% humidity).